One type of seafood fraud involves substituting one species for another without changing the label. Other types include:
- less seafood in the package than indicated on the label;
- adding too much ice to seafood to increase the weight; and
- shipping seafood products through different countries to avoid duties and tariffs.
Among other findings, the report reveals that, while 84 percent of the seafood eaten in the United States is imported, only 2% is currently inspected--and less than 0.001% is specifically inspected for fraud. In fact, recent studies have found that seafood may be mislabeled as often as 25-70% of the time for fish like red snapper, wild salmon and Atlantic cod, disguising species that are less desirable, cheaper or more readily available.
“We can track organic bananas back to packing stations on farms in Central and Latin America, yet consumers are given little to no information about one of the most popular foods in the United States – seafood,” said Dr. Michael Hirshfield, the organization's chief scientist. “With imports representing the vast majority of the seafood eaten in the United States, it’s more important than ever to know what we are eating and where, when and how it was caught.”
The report, entitled "Bait and Switch: How Seafood Fraud Hurts Our Oceans, Our Wallets and Our Health," can be downloaded as a free PDF. It explains the problems associated with seafood fraud and outlines steps you can take to know where your seafood comes from. Download "Bait and Switch."
Read the Culinary Gadabout's earlier seafood posts: Seafood Watch , Sustainable Fishing Can Work, and Best/Worst US Supermarkets for Sustainability.